Indigenous languages in the Legislation of Hispano-American nations

Lenka Zajícová – Universidad Palacký de Olomouc, Chequia

Lenka Zajícová, 2017: "Lenguas indígenas en la legislación de los países hispanoamericanos", Onomázein – N.º especial | Las lenguas amerindias en Iberoamérica: retos para el siglo XXI, 171-203.
DOI: 10.7764/onomazein.amerindias.10

In recent decades, in most Latin American countries a similar process occurs: the promotion of indigenous languages to an educational, social and legal level, including, in some cases, their status as co-official languages. Despite some common starting points, the current situation is very different in the different countries if we compare the constitutional acknowledgement of these indigenous languages and the present language legislation, ranging from mere symbolic proclamations to very ambitious proposals. The article presents the evolution and the indigenous languages policies and regulation in Latin American countries, from a qualitative and comparative point of view, presenting their classification, as well as chronology.