“In life you have to fight to move on”. Discourse-pragmatic and sociolinguistic variation of the non-deictic second person singular uses in Chilean Spanish

Paulina Pulido Astorgas – Universidad Católica de Temuco, Chile
Marcela Rivadeneira Valenzuela – Universidad Católica de Temuco, Chile

Paulina Pulido Astorga y Marcela Rivadeneira Valenzuela, 2017: "“En la vida teníh que luchar para salir adelante”. Variación pragmático-discursiva y sociolingŁística en los usos no deícticos de la segunda persona del singular en el español de Chile", Onomázein 37, 16-40.
DOI: 10.7764/onomazein.37.03

An analysis of the non-deictic second person singular uses in Chilean Spanish is presented in this paper. The dataset is made of semi-spontaneous speech, specifically, sociolinguistic interviews, from which an exploratory corpus was extracted. In this context, the main goal of the research is to analyse the non-deictic 2nd person singular uses according to stylistic aspects through a new proposal of discourse-pragmatic categories which are related with linguistic and extralinguistic variables. Specifically, four categories are distinguished: a) generalization, b) focused generalization, c) inclusive defocalization and d) self-disguising. This classification is then correlated with the factors of forms of address and sex. Results regarding the sociolinguistic and morphosyntactic variables demonstrate that men present higher frequencies of use of the non-deictic strategies, specifically with voseo verb forms, while women tend to employ this device with tuteo. As for the categories, non-deictic usage is especially high through generalization and focused generalization, as strategies associated with a potential effect of empathy towards the interlocutor, especially in those cases where voseo is employed. In this sense, each of the categories proposed represents a specific discoursepragmatic strategy at a stylistic variation level, which is regarded not only by the degree of formality, but also as a linguistic choice within the speakers’ repertoire.