The derivational paradigm of Old English. Alternations, recursivity and mismatches of formations based on strong verbs

Javier Martín Arista – Universidad de La Rioja, España

Javier Martín Arista, 2017: "El paradigma derivativo del inglés antiguo: alternancias, recursividad y desajustes en la formación basada en los verbos fuertes", Onomázein 37, 144-169.
DOI: 10.7764/onomazein.37.05

This article deals with the formation of nouns, adjectives, and verbs based on strong verbs in Old English. From the methodological point of view, the role of the strong verb in lexical derivation is stressed. On the descriptive side, the derivation based on the seven classes of strong verbs is analized in detail, including the processes of zero derivation, prefixation, and suffixation, as well as the formation involving different vocalic grades, the alternations that hold with respect to derivatives, and recursive formations. The main conclusion of the article is that alternations and mismatches cause opaqueness in derivational morphology and, consequently, they may have contributed to the radical change that derivation eventually underwent.