Manuel Eduardo Contreras Seitz, 2017: "La “Conquista Espiritual del Reino de Chile”, de
Diego de Rosales, como fuente para el estudio de
la morfosintaxis del español de Chile colonial",
Onomázein 37, 41-59.
The text of the “Conquista Espiritual del Reino de Chile”, of the Jesuit Diego de Rosales, is a document
that not only tells the particular circumstances of the lives of various religious of the
Order (Brothers and Priests), but also constitutes a referential text concerning the discursive
manifestation, textual typology and characterization of Spanish of Chile of the time itself. It
should be noted that, although we are in the presence of a prominent religious, of an Order
characteristically well represented, among other things, the linguistic-cultural aspects, the
text we studied, from this perspective, is rather far from those standards and more close to
what we have seen in other documentation varied in nature, in the Kingdom of Chile during
the colonial period.
This article presents the most relevant aspects in terms of word syntax, syntactic constructions
and verbal flection, according to a previous morphosyntactic characterization,
which will serve as initial theoretical framework, which has been cited in Contreras (2009)
which will serve as matrix features.
Regarding the first, the matrix includes the characterization of nouns (gender, suffixes),
adjectives (superlatives, suffixes), prepositions, adverbs, determiners (articles), use of pronouns
(order unstressed pronouns, relative pronouns) and leísmo, laísmo and loísmo. Moreover,
as for the second aspect, it will consider aspects of the construction of the noun phrase,
transitivity and intransitivity, passive formations, with “se”, subordination, predication, negation
and construction of the verbal phrase. Finally, regarding verbal inflection, the use of tenses,
the use of specific verbs, verbal tense/sentence syntax relationship, temporary adverbial
complements, use of auxiliaries and non personal forms of verbs.