Silvana Guerrero González, 2017: "Narración individual versus narración conversacional:
un puente entre el variacionismo y la interacción",
Onomázein 38, 58-87.
The aim of this research is to compare the construction and the coconstruction of narrations
of personal experience in relation with sex and socioeconomic group factors, in speakers
from Santiago de Chile. On the basis of a sample of 90 narrations, in the first place the
construction of the individual narration is contrasted with the coconstructed one following
Labov’s proposal (Labov and Waletzky ,1967, and Labov, 1972), and the sensibility of the narrations
to variation is studied in order to prove two hypotheses:1on the one hand, that the
prototypical labovian narrative structure—derived from narrations obtained using sociolinguistic interview—is valid to analyse the narration generated in interaction and, on the other,
that coconstructed narrations between women are closer in their structure to prototypical
labovian narrations. Results indicate that there would be a deep semantic structure invariant
through all the stories, that does not depend on their collection instrument. It is proved,
additionally, that it is only the socioeconomic group factor the one that correlates with the
variation, and that the summary and the coda are the variable elements in the individual narration.
Nevertheless, in the conversational narration both complication and resolution vary.