On Placement and Removal Events in Ilami Kurdish: A Cognitive-Typological Approach


  • Amir Karimipour University of Isfahan (Iran)
  • Vali Rezai University of Isfahan (Iran)



Palabras clave:

Ilami Kurdish, cognitive-typology, placement event, removal event, goal component, source component


This paper explores the linguistic characteristics of placement and removal events in Ilami Kurdish and investigates the Goal-over-Source predominance hypothesis in such events. By testing the asymmetry hypothesis in placement vs. removal events, we determined that various predicates are used to encode these events in Ilami Kurdish. Data were collected using a set of video clips including the ‘put and take’ stimuli (Bowerman et al., 2004) with ten Ilami Kurdish speakers, who described the occasions when placement and removal events were required. The results of this first experiment show that there are asymmetric correlations between placement and removal events in terms of verbal predicates. In fact, proportionally more fine-grained types of placement predicates are observed in the descriptions of the Kurdish consultants. Accordingly, it can be concluded that placement events, in comparison with removal events, are cognitively more salient and intricate in the mind of Kurdish speakers, which is directly connected with such linguistic distinctions as properties of the figure, force-dynamic notions, and manner of motion, which are more determinant in placement events than removal events. In the next part of this study, the Goal-over-Source predominance hypothesis was explored in placement and removal events. This hypothesis was tested on the basis of linguistic descriptions as well as a memory task. In the descriptive task, a set of video clips of placement and removal events, including different source and goal paths, was used. Respondents participating in this experiment described each scene after they watched it. In the memory task, participants were asked to watch the scenes of placement and removal events as well as matched events and then judge whether source or goal components can be matched or not. It was found that in these tasks, the goal component was mentioned more often and more accurately matched, respectively. These findings support the Goal-over-Source predominance hypothesis and highlight the cognitive importance of the goal component in placement events compared to the source component in removal events.

Biografía del autor/a

Amir Karimipour, University of Isfahan (Iran)

Department of Linguistics

Vali Rezai, University of Isfahan (Iran)

Department of Linguistics



2022-10-28 — Actualizado el 2022-10-28


Cómo citar

Karimipour, A. ., & Rezai, V. . (2022). On Placement and Removal Events in Ilami Kurdish: A Cognitive-Typological Approach. Onomázein, (45), 126–151. https://doi.org/10.7764/onomazein.45.08




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